The preparation of bhasma typically involves several stages:
Selection of Ingredients: Depending on the desired therapeutic effects, different metals, minerals, or herbs are selected as the primary ingredients for bhasma preparation. Common ingredients include gold, silver, copper, iron, sulfur, mica, cinnabar and various medicinal herbs.
Purification: After collection, removing physical/chemical impurities through various methods will be employed at this stage. Metals/minerals undergo purification through various traditional methods such as washing with herbal decoctions, soaking in juices, or repeated grinding with herbal extracts. This step is crucial for removing physical/chemical impurities (to avoid undesirable pharmacological actions within the body) and enhancing the potency of the bhasma.
Calcination: The selected ingredient undergoes calcination, a process of heating at specific temperture ranges in a controlled environment. This process helps to remove impurities and toxins while retaining the beneficial properties of the substance (to make metal/mineral more bio-assimable with desired pharmacological action).
Incorporation of Ayurvedic Herbs: In some cases, Ayurvedic herbs or minerals may be added based on the specifications of formulations to enhance the therapeutic properties or to balance the potential side effects of the primary ingredient.
Pharmacological attributes for effective disease management: The final bhasma is expected to be used on intenteded medical condition, meaning it should used judiciously to ensures its suitability for a wide range of individuals with different body types (dose, duration, disease, patient, specific dietary regimens.......)
ingrdients of Bhasma
Active pharmaceutical ingredient of Bhasma's varies based on its intended use. And they are: